The UPR is a UN peer-led review process aimed at improving the human rights situation of all 193 UN Member States. It is a critical mechanism for States to demonstrate their commitment to human rights and develop concrete steps for improving the human rights situation on the ground. In addition to governments, the UPR relies on civil society to provide a comprehensive account of the human rights situation in any given country. In April, Jamaican civil society organizations presented to 26 States in Geneva and met with 11 States individually to share concerns, as well as highlight accomplishments the GoJ has made
JFJ addressed unlawful detention of persons, detention conditions, and the rights of children. The Human Rights Clinic at Loyola discussed police extrajudicial killings jointly with JFJ and human rights in the context of mixed migratory flows. CVC considered the right to health and failures in Jamaica’s HIV response to address discrimination and violence towards vulnerable groups. J-FLAG addressed violence and forced displacement of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) people, including LGBT youth.
Several important recommendations from the first UPR cycle have not been acted upon. These include measures for protections against degrading treatment in detention and excessive use of force; eliminating gross delays at the Coroner’s Court and Supreme Court, and enacting policy and legal reform to prevent discrimination.
Tomorrow, as the Jamaican government reports to the UPR there are five key commitments that human rights organisations call the government to make:
- Commit to enshrining in law enhanced protections against police abuse and degrading treatment in detention settings. Policy statements, while useful cannot replace legal protections
- Agree to complete the review of key child-protection legislation and policies such as the Child Care and Protection Act, Adoption Act and the Child Diversion Policy by the end of 2015
- Adopt comprehensive legislation that prevents discrimination on the grounds of all protected categories as recognized in international human rights law
- Outline concrete steps to address homelessness such as increasing the number of shelters available including for LGBT youth
- Expedite the justice reform program and increase resources to the Courts to address delays in access to justice and impunity
The webcast of the session will be live here at tomorrow at 9 AM Geneva time (GMT+1). A collection of all UPR documents, including the GoJ’s National Report, may be found here: